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Torino History – All about the Club

Exploring Torino history by narrating a summary of all the significant events that have taken place throughout the years.

The Torino Football Club, often called Torino or simply Toro, is a prestigious Italian football club located in Turin.

Competing in Serie A presently, the club’s inception was in 1906 as Foot-Ball Club Torino.

About Torino honors, with seven national league titles under their belt, Torino’s golden era was the 1940s when they clinched five consecutive titles.

This remarkable team, dubbed “The Grande Torino”, was revered as a football powerhouse.

That was until tragedy struck in 1949 when the whole team perished in the Superga air disaster.

Regarding Torino trophies history, apart from their domestic success, they’ve lifted the Coppa Italia trophy five times, the last being in the 1992-93 season.

On the international stage, they clinched the Mitropa Cup in 1991 and reached the UEFA Cup finals in 1991-92.

The team plays its home matches at the Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino, previously named Stadio Comunale “Vittorio Pozzo” until 2006.

Donning a maroon jersey, their emblem is a fierce bull, leading to their moniker, II Toro (The Bull).

A notable rivalry exists between Torino and Juventus, leading to the much-anticipated Derby della Mole matches.

Looking at Torino History

  • Full Name: Torino Football Club S.p.A.
  • Nicknames: II Toro (The Bull), I Granata (The Maroons), II Vecchio Cuore Granata (The Old Maroon Heart)
  • Year of Formation: 1906
  • Place of Origin: Turin, Piedmont, Italy
  • Home Stadium: Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino
  • Owners: UT Communication
  • Chairman: Urbano Cairo
  • Manager: Ivan Juric
  • League: Serie A
  • Market Value: €186.10m

A New Italian Club

Torino history - A New Italian Club

Football made its way to Turin towards the end of the 19th century, thanks to the influence of Swiss and English industrialists.

By 1887, Turin saw the establishment of the Football & Cricket Club, recognized as Italy’s oldest football club.

Just two years later, another club, Nobili Torino, was founded.

In a move to unify the football landscape in Turin, these two clubs joined forces in 1891 to become Internazionale Torino.

This merger sparked a renewed interest, leading to the foundation of Football Club Torinese in 1894.

This foreign sport swiftly overshadowed the local game, pallapugno.

Recognizing football’s rising popularity, prominent sports clubs like Ginnastica Torino and Juventus introduced football sections.

A historic moment in Italian football occurred on 8 May 1898.

Celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the Statuto Albertino, Internazionale Torino, Football Club Torinese, Ginnastica Torino, and Genoa came together as part of the International Exhibition to launch the inaugural Italian Football Championship.

The dawn of the 20th century saw significant consolidations.

In 1900, Football Club Torinese incorporated Internazionale Torino.

But the pivotal moment in Torino history arrived on December 3, 1906, at the Voigt brewery (present-day bar Norman) on Via Pietro Micca.

A faction of Juventus, led by Swiss financier Alfred Dick, chose to join forces with Football Club Torinese.

That resulted in the birthing of “Foot-Ball Club Torino.”

The club’s first official match was against Pro Vercelli in Vercelli on 16 December 1906.

Torino triumphed with a score of 3–1.

Not long after, on 13 January 1907, the city of Turin witnessed its first derby.

Torino bested Juventus with a scoreline of 2–1, and in a rematch a month later, Torino once again showcased their dominance with a 4–1 victory.

Count Enrico Marone Cinzano As Manager

Count Enrico Marone Cinzano As Manager

That impressive performance earned them a spot in the final round of the Italian Football Championship.

There, they finished as runners-up to Milan.

In 1908, Torino abstained from the Italian Football Championship due to a newly implemented rule restricting the inclusion of international players.

Instead, they graced two lesser yet esteemed tournaments.

One was the “Palla Dapples”, a prestigious trophy crafted in the semblance of a standard football.

They clinched that by besting Pro Vercelli.

Additionally, they participated in an international event orchestrated by the newspaper La Stampa, hosted in Turin.

However, the championship eluded them as the Swiss team, Servette, clinched victory in the finals.

Fast forward to 1915, when the unforeseen eruption of World War I curtailed Torino’s dreams of championship glory.

A tantalizing title clash was on the horizon as Torino, trailing by two points, was poised to challenge the leading Genoa.

After an astounding 6-1 triumph against Genoa in their initial encounter, the anticipation was palpable.

But the war’s onset rendered the decider impossible.

Come 1923, and Torino’s fortunes saw an upswing.

Heinrich Schonfeld, an adept forward, donned the club’s jersey.

With an uncanny knack for finding the net, he bagged the title of the top scorer in the 1923-1924 Serie A season.

He amassed 22 goals in just 20 matches and contributing to over half of the team’s total goals.

Under the stewardship of Count Enrico Marone Cinzano, the club underwent a significant transformation.

Torino history says that it was during his tenure that the iconic Stadio Filadelfia was erected.

The on-field dynamics were electrified by the Trio delle meraviglie or the “Trio of Wonders”.

This was a formidable attacking trio comprised of Julio Libonatti, Adolfo Baloncieri, and Gino Rossetti.

Trio of Wonders

Torino history - Trio of Wonders

Their synergistic playstyle paved the way for Torino’s first scudetto triumph on 10 July 1927

That was following a 5-0 trouncing of Bologna.

However, jubilation turned to heartbreak as the title was stripped away on 3 November 1927.

That was consequent to the infamous “Allemandi Case”.

After the disappointment of having their earlier scudetto taken away, Torino bounced back to reclaim the title of Italian champions in the 1927-28 season.

Their powerful “Trio of Wonders” contributed a staggering 89 goals collectively.

They sealed the championship on 22 July 1928 in a 2-2 standoff with Milan.

The subsequent resignation of Cinzano marked the start of a period of stagnation for Torino during the early 1930s.

The club mostly hovered around mid-table finishes.

However, fortunes began to change by the 1935-36 season, as evidenced by their third-place league finish and their first Coppa Italia triumph.

Torino history lets us know that owing to the directives of the Italian fascist regime, the club underwent a rebranding, adopting the name “Associazione Calcio Torino.”

Under the guidance of technical director Ernest Erbstein, the 1938-39 season saw them narrowly miss the title, finishing second.

The 1939-40 season, while ending in a fifth-place finish, marked a significant turning point.

Ferruccio Novo took over the helm as club president.

His financial backing, coupled with his adept administrative acumen, bolstered the club’s prospects.

Collaborating with Antonio Janni, Giacinto Ellena, and Mario Sperone, Novo curated what would be remembered as the Grande Torino.

The legacy of the Grande Torino resonates as one of the club’s golden eras.

They dominated Italian football by clinching five consecutive titles between 1942 and 1949 (excluding the 1944 Campionato Alta Italia, where only honorary value was given to Spezia by FIGC in 2002).

Grande Torino and the Superga Catastrophe

Grande Torino and the Superga Catastrophe
credit: wikipedia

Further, their 1943 conquest of the Coppa Italia solidified their prowess, making them the first Italian club to achieve the Scudetto and Coppa Italia “double” in a single season.

Such was the brilliance of Torino’s roster during this period that the national team often resembled a Torino line-up, with the Azzurri featuring up to ten Torino players at once, a very interesting fact regarding Torino history.

Valentino Mazzola, the captain, was the beating heart and driving force behind the team.

He was not only a football icon but also the patriarch of a budding football dynasty, with his sons Ferruccio and Sandro later carving their own paths in the sport.

The team, during its prime, typically showcased the following starting lineup: Bacigalupo, Ballarin, Maroso, Grezar, Rigamonti, Castigliano, Menti, Loik, Gabetto, Mazzola, Ossola.

However, a grim day in Torino history, 4 May 1949, abruptly halted their illustrious journey.

On that fateful day, the Fiat G.212 aircraft ferrying the entire team collided with the wall of Turin’s Basilica of Superga.

The calamity was attributed to a thick fog compounded by a malfunctioning altimeter, causing the pilot to misjudge altitude.

The team had been journeying back from a friendly game against Benfica in Lisbon.

The catastrophe didn’t just claim the players but also took the lives of coaches Egri Erbstein and Leslie Lievesley, club staff, journalists, and the airplane crew.

The aftermath of the Superga tragedy plunged Torino into an era of struggles and challenges.

Their form deteriorated, culminating in their first demotion to Serie B in the 1958-59 season under the banner “Talmone Torino.”

However, their resilience shone through as they made a swift return to Serie A in the 1960-61 season.

The year 1963 marked the beginning of Orfeo Pianelli’s presidency.

The Memorable Comeback

The Memorable Comeback

He brought in Nereo Rocco as the team manager and signed Gigi Meroni, affectionately referred to as “The Maroon Butterfly” (La Farfalla Granata).

This reinvigorated squad managed to clinch a commendable third-place finish in the 1964-65 season.

On a somber day, 15 October 1967, the football community mourned the untimely death of Gigi Meroni, who tragically lost his life in a road accident after a league match.

Yet, even in the face of this adversity, Torino displayed resilience.

They ended the season in a commendable seventh place and clinched the Coppa Italia title.

Under the visionary leadership of club president Pianelli, the journey of revitalizing a championship-winning team continued, with another Coppa Italia trophy added to their cabinet in the 1970-71 season.

The following 1971-72 season saw Torino putting up a remarkable performance, finishing just a point shy of arch-rivals Juventus.

The subsequent three seasons were consistent, with the team securing sixth, fifth, and again sixth positions.

But the 1975-76 season was one for the books.

Even though Juventus had a significant five-point lead during the spring, a twist in fate and a series of missteps by the Bianconeri, including a crucial loss in the derby, allowed Torino to surge ahead.

As the final matchday dawned, Torino had a one-point lead and an unblemished home record.

Their last game was against Cesena at the Comunale, which ended in a draw.

However, Torino history shows that fortune favored Torino as Juventus faced defeat at the hands of Perugia.

This twist of events meant that, after a long gap of 27 years since the heart-wrenching Superga tragedy, Torino were once again crowned Serie A champions, edging out Juventus by two points.

After their championship win, Torino again found themselves locked in a fierce title race in the subsequent season.

Competing for the UEFA Cup

Torino history - Competing for the UEFA Cup
credit: wikipedia

They garnered an impressive 50 points, which was a record for the 16-team league format at the time.

Yet, we see in Torino history that they narrowly missed the top spot, finishing a point behind Juventus’ 51.

The 1978 season echoed a familiar narrative, with Torino trailing behind Juventus, this time with a wider point disparity.

They also found themselves neck-and-neck with a Vicenza team, bolstered by the talents of Paolo Rossi.

Although Torino managed to hold their ground as one of Serie A’s prominent teams in subsequent years, they couldn’t match their previous glories.

An exception was the 1984-85 season, where they clinched second place, bested only by an Osvaldo Bagnoli-managed Verona side.

However, a significant blow came at the conclusion of the 1988-89 season when Torino faced relegation to Serie B for the second instance in their storied history.

Determined to bounce back, they secured a promotion to Serie A in the 1989–90 season.

Torino managers history states that with strategic signings and under the guidance of Emiliano Mondonico, they not only cemented their position in Serie A but also earned a spot in the UEFA Cup.

The next season witnessed a remarkable journey for Torino in the 1991-92 UEFA Cup.

They managed to oust football giants Real Madrid in the semifinals.

However, the final against Ajax was a nail-biter, with a 2-2 result in Turin and a goalless draw in Amsterdam.

Unfortunately for Torino, the away goals rule meant that Ajax emerged victorious.

In the domestic league, Torino finished the season on a high note, clinching third place.

In the 1992-93 season, Torino clinched their fifth Coppa Italia, triumphing over Roma.

However, the joy was short-lived as the club plunged into deep financial turmoil.

Almost Closed For Good

Torino history - Almost Closed For Good

Despite multiple leadership changes, both at the managerial and presidential levels, Torino’s performance dwindled.

By the close of the 1995-96 season, they faced their third relegation.

A heartbreaking playoff loss on penalties against Perugia during the 1997-98 campaign was followed by a swift return to Serie A in the subsequent season.

Yet, the delight was fleeting, as they once again faced demotion by the end of the 1999-2000 season.

Their 2000-01 campaign marked another quick promotion, and the subsequent season witnessed them finishing 11th, subsequently qualifying for the Intertoto Cup.

However, after a penalty shootout loss to Villarreal, their Serie A journey took a nosedive, culminating in a last-place finish and subsequent relegation.

The 2004-05 season, under Renato Zaccarelli, saw Torino rising again to achieve promotion.

However, overshadowing their sporting achievements was a looming financial crisis.

Debts, accumulated primarily during Francesco Cimminelli’s presidency, culminated in Torino’s denial of Serie A entry and an eventual declaration of bankruptcy on 9 August 2005.

Just a week later, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) endorsed a proposal from a new professional entity named “Societa Civile Campo Torino”, spearheaded by lawyer Pierluigi Marengo and supported by various businessmen.

This entity ensured Torino’s participation in Serie B and inherited all sporting titles previously held by “Torino Calcio.”

In Torino history, Urbano Cairo was then unveiled as the club’s new president on 19 August at the bar Norman (formerly the Voigt brewery).

Along with this fresh start, the club underwent a rebranding, adopting the name “Torino Football Club”.

Following their restructuring, Torino demonstrated a commendable comeback by securing promotion in the 2005-06 season through a triumphant playoff run.

Their return to the top tier, however, was fraught with challenges.

Torino narrowly evaded relegation in the subsequent season, clinching safety just before the season’s close.

Gian Piero Ventura

Gian Piero Ventura

Yet, their struggles persisted, and within three seasons, they found themselves back in Serie B.

In the midst of these fluctuating fortunes, during the 2009-10 season, Urbano Cairo appointed Gianluca Petrachi as Torino’s new sporting director.

Unfortunately, the desired turnaround didn’t materialize immediately, with the club missing out on promotion in both that season and the next.

However, a significant shift occurred on 6 June 2011, when Torino ushered in a new era by appointing Gian Piero Ventura as their manager for the 2011-12 Serie B season, solidified with a one-year contract.

Guided by Ventura’s leadership, Torino’s fortunes took a turn for the better.

They secured a return to Serie A on 20 May 2012, thanks to a pivotal 2-0 victory over Modena.

Their subsequent Serie A campaign in 2012-13 saw them comfortably maintaining their top-tier status.

But it was the 2013-14 season that truly signaled Torino’s resurgence.

The club clinched an impressive seventh-place finish, earning a spot in the 2014-15 Europa League.

This renaissance was largely attributed to standout performances by Alessio Cerci and Ciro Immobile, with the latter emerging as Serie A’s leading goal scorer.

During the 2014-15 season, Torino made a commendable run in the Europa League, reaching the round of 16 before being ousted by Zenit Saint Petersburg.

In Serie A, they secured a ninth-place finish and, notably, celebrated a derby victory for the first time in two decades.

The subsequent 2015-16 season saw them finishing twelfth.

Torino history says that after a half-decade at the helm, Gian Piero Ventura departed to take charge of the Italy national football team.

His successor was Sinisa Mihajlovic, who led the team to a ninth-place finish in the 2016-17 season.

Recent Years

Recent Years

However, midway through the season, Walter Mazzarri replaced him, maintaining the club’s ninth-place position for the 2017-18 season.

The 2018-19 season was a highlight for Torino.

Regarding Torino Champions League history, they secured a seventh-place finish and made a return to the Europa League after five years, the qualifiers for the much-desired Champions League.

They concluded the season with a record 63 points, the highest the club had achieved since the inception of the three-point system in 1994.

Nevertheless, their Europa League journey was short-lived, as Wolverhampton Wanderers eliminated them in the play-offs for the 2019-20 season.

Although they began the league campaign strongly, they experienced a downturn and barely managed to stave off relegation.

The subsequent season followed a similar narrative, punctuated by managerial changes as Marco Giampaolo and then Davide Nicola took charge.

The season was fraught with challenges, but Torino eventually ensured their Serie A status with a crucial 0-0 draw against Lazio just before the season’s conclusion.

With the dawn of the next season in Torino history, Ivan Juric took the managerial reins, steering the team to a respectable tenth-place finish.

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Torino Kit History

Torino Kit History
credit: facebook

Just days after its establishment, Torino debuted in a match against Pro Vercelli sporting an orange and black striped uniform.

This choice of colors was reminiscent of the kits worn by its antecedent clubs, Internazionale Torino and Football Club Torinese.

However, these shades bore an uncomfortable resemblance to the colors associated with the Habsburgs, who were historically at odds with the ruling Italian dynasty of the time.

Deeming these colors inappropriate, the club’s founders felt compelled to select a more fitting and unique color for their kit.

We can see in Torino jersey history that they eventually settled on ‘granata,’ a deep shade of red akin to burgundy.

A prevalent narrative suggests that this particular hue was chosen as a tribute to the Duke of the Abruzzi and the esteemed House of Savoy.

According to historical accounts, after the triumphant liberation of Turin from French control in 1706, the House of Savoy adopted a blood-red handkerchief.

This poignant symbol was a tribute to a brave messenger who tragically lost his life delivering the news of their victory.

Adopting this color for their kit allowed Torino to embed a piece of significant local history into their identity.

While the widely accepted narrative links Torino’s ‘granata’ color to a historical tribute, there are other interpretations, albeit seen as less definitive.

One such account suggests that the deep red was a nod to Alfred Dick, one of the founders.

He was an enthusiast of the Genevan football team, Servette, a club from his native Switzerland.

Another theory draws parallels with the English club, Sheffield, recognized as the world’s oldest football club.

The club’s colors were also once embraced by Internazionale Torino, adding weight to the possibility of Torino wanting to maintain a connection to football’s rich history.

The Maroon Color

The Maroon Color

Another interesting perspective posits that the ‘granata’ hue was purely accidental.

This theory suggests that the color emerged as an unintended consequence of the continuous washing of the initial red kits with black socks.

The resultant dark red, viewed as auspicious, could have been adopted as the club’s official color.

Furthermore, the club once aspired to don royal blue as its primary color.

However, the Italian monarchy was hesitant to bestow their dynastic color upon a single club.

This contrasts with subsequent years when the azure shade became synonymous with various Italian national sports teams.

Ever since the adoption of the ‘granata’ color, Torino’s quintessential home attire has comprised a maroon shirt paired predominantly with white shorts, though occasionally maroon ones have been preferred.

The ensemble is typically completed with black socks that feature maroon cuffs.

However, during the transition between the 1970s and 1980s, it wasn’t uncommon to see the team sporting entirely maroon outfits, including socks.

Conversely, the away kit typically mirrors the home colors but in reverse.

It usually features a white jersey adorned with contrasting maroon cuffs, accompanied by either maroon or sometimes white shorts, and white socks highlighted with a maroon trim.

Over the years, an alternative away jersey showcasing a diagonal maroon stripe has also been donned by the team.

This design pays tribute to the Argentine football club, River Plate, which shares a deep historical bond with Torino, particularly stemming from the tragic events at Superga.

This special jersey made its debut on 6 January 1953 during a league match against Milan, which concluded in a 1-1 draw.

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Torino Badge History

Torino Badge History

Torino’s club emblem has consistently showcased a rampant bull, a symbol deeply intertwined with the heritage of Turin.

Following the unfortunate bankruptcy of Torino Calcio, a new badge was inaugurated in the 2005-06 season.

Torino logo history tells us that to further connect with the club’s storied past, the year “1906” was later incorporated into the shield, reflecting the year the original Foot-Ball Club Torino was established.

Back in the 1980s, the emblem took on a square shape, highlighting a stylized bull with the inscription “Torino Calcio.”

This particular badge holds a special place in the hearts of Torino supporters.

In fact, in 2013, readers of Guerin Sportivo voted it the most magnificent club logo in football history.

Between 1990 and the period leading up to the bankruptcy, the emblem underwent another transformation.

It harkened back to the design popular during the era of the illustrious Grande Torino.

However, a notable distinction was the interlocking of the letters “T” and “C” (representing “Torino Calcio”) rather than the trio of “A”, “C”, and “T” (standing for “Associazione Calcio Torino”).

Looking at Torino history, we understand that drawing inspiration from Torino’s emblematic rampant bull, an Irish football club underwent its own transformation in 2017.

Wexford Youths rebranded itself as Wexford F.C., introducing a new crest prominently featuring a rampant bull.

This connection was not coincidental; the club’s chairman, Mick Wallace, is a known admirer of Torino.

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Torino Stadiums

Torino Stadiums
credit: wikipedia

The inception of the club was quickly followed by its first official match, a highly anticipated derby against Juventus.

This took place on 13 January 1907 at the Stadio Velodrome Umberto.

The club’s quest for a permanent home led them to Piazza d’armi, a venue with multiple fields.

Starting on 23 January 1911, they used the Lato Ferrovia pitch, and a month later, on 26 February 1911, they shifted to the Lato Crocetta.

However, by late 1913, the club transitioned to the Stradale Stupinigi.

But their time there was curtailed when the First World War erupted, leading to the stadium’s appropriation for military use.

Torino found a brief home at the Motovelodromo Corso Casale on 11 October 1925.

This arena, which has since been renovated and renamed in honor of Fausto Coppi, currently hosts various sports, including American football.

However, Torino’s tenure here was merely a transitional phase as they awaited the completion of the Stadio Filadelfia, fondly referred to as the “Fila.”

Torino history informs us that the “Fila” is inextricably linked with Torino’s golden era, especially the legendary Grande Torino team of the 1940s.

It opened its gates on 17 October 1926 with a match against Fortitudo Roma.

The venue remained the club’s home until 11 May 1958, when they played their final match there, securing a 4–2 win over Genoa.

The subsequent 1958-59 season saw a shift to the Stadio Comunale.

However, the move coincided with the club’s relegation to Serie B.

Owing to superstitious beliefs, the club opted to return to their beloved Filadelfia in hopes of regaining their lost fortune.

The Ever-changing Selection of Grounds

Torino history - The Ever-changing Selection of Grounds

Between the 1959-60 and 1960-61 seasons, Torino primarily utilized the Filadelfia for their matches.

However, in the 1961-62 and 1962-63 campaigns, the club began selecting the larger Comunale stadium for significant matches.

By the 1963-64 season, the shift to the Comunale, which boasted a standing capacity of a whopping 65,000 spectators, was finalized.

This remained their playing ground until 1990 when they transitioned to the newly built Stadio delle Alpi.

Constructed as a venue for the 1990 FIFA World Cup, the Stadio delle Alpi housed Torino from 1990 until 2006.

After undergoing extensive renovations to host the ceremonies for the 2006 Winter Olympics, Torino made their return to the previously used Stadio Comunale, which was rebranded as the Stadio Olimpico.

The stadium’s capacity, however, was downsized to 27,958 seats in adherence to contemporary safety guidelines, a significant reduction from its original capacity.

In a tribute to their golden age, the stadium was renamed in April 2016 to honor the legendary Grande Torino team.

Apart from hosting matches, the Stadio Filadelfia was Torino’s training ground from 1926 until 1993.

In the more recent past, between 2006 to 2017, the team practiced at the Sisport di Corso Unione Sovietica.

With the 2017-18 season, Torino came full circle, resuming their training sessions at the refurbished and iconic Filadelfia.

Regarding Torino mascot history, the club’s mascot is a rampant bull.

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Torino Rivalries History

Torino Rivalries History

The Derby della Mole, alternatively known as the Turin Derby in English, is a significant football match between the prominent Turin teams, Juventus and Torino.

The name draws inspiration from the Mole Antonelliana, a renowned city landmark.

This match is the longest-standing city-based clash in Italian football.

Historically, the game represented a clash between contrasting social spheres.

Juventus, established in 1897 by elite school students, was associated with Turin’s upper class, especially after its close ties with the wealthy Agnelli family in 1923.

Meanwhile, Torino was founded in 1906 following a split within Juventus and aligned itself with the burgeoning industrial sector.

Torino history says that by the 1960s and 1970s, while these distinctions had lessened, Juventus had expanded its reach globally, whereas Torino maintained a largely local support base.

Interestingly, the team colors add to their unique identities.

Juventus, initially in pink and black, was influenced by England’s Notts County, while Torino was inspired by the “Brigade Savoia” colors from centuries ago.

Despite their differences, both teams’ emblems once showcased a bull, Turin’s symbol.

However, Juventus modified its logo in 2017, removing the bull.

The first Turin Derby was on 13 January 1907, soon after Torino’s establishment on 3 December 1906.

The inception of this rivalry was because Torino was formed by a blend of Football Club Torinese members and some Juventus dissenters, led by Alfred Dick.

An interesting tidbit is that Dick missed the inaugural derby due to being trapped in a changing room.

Over the years, there were 13 occasions the Derby wasn’t in Serie A: Torino was in Serie B twelve times and once when Juventus got relegated in 2006.

The Dividing Classes

The Dividing Classes

Besides Torino, Juventus has had city rivalries with now-defunct teams like R.S. Ginnastica Torino and Football Club Pastore.

Post-World War II saw the derby exemplifying Piedmont’s class divide, with Torino representing the working class and Juventus symbolizing the elite.

The mass migration to Turin in the 60s and 70s brought many southern Italian Juventus fans who were employed by the Agnelli’s FIAT, reinforcing Juventus’s image as the “boss’s team.”

Torino, in contrast, remained emblematic of the authentic Piedmont spirit.

As of 28 February 2023, out of the numerous derbies, Juventus triumphed 111 times, with Torino winning 73.

Although Juventus typically dominates, there were periods where Torino shined, notably between 1912-1914 and the 1940s.

In contrast, Juventus had remarkable victories in the late 20s and 50s, and Torino struggled after the 1949 Superga tragedy.

The 70s saw a resurgence for Torino, but financial troubles in the 90s coupled with Juventus’s strong performance made the recent history favorable for Juventus.

Torino history reveals that a notable exception was Torino’s 2-1 victory in April 2015, ending their two-decade-long dry spell.

Torino has competitive rivalries with other clubs as well, such as Genoa.

Their once cordial relationship with Genoa turned sour after Genoa’s celebrations during a pivotal match in May 2009.

This particular game saw Genoa emerge victorious, a result that played a role in pushing Torino into Serie B.

When the teams faced each other in December 2012 after Torino’s ascension back to Serie A, tensions erupted between the supporters of the two clubs.

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Torino Players on the International Stage

Torino Players on the International Stage

Many of Torino’s players have adorned the Italy national football team’s jersey, earning accolades on the international stage.

Adolfo Baloncieri, Antonio Janni, Julio Libonatti, and Gino Rossetti were instrumental in clinching victory for Italy at the Central European International Cup from 1927-1930.

Furthermore, Baloncieri, Janni, and Rossetti added bronze medals from the 1928 Summer Olympics to their repertoire.

Although Libonatti wasn’t part of this Olympic feat, his contributions remained significant.

Later, in the annals of football, Lido Vieri and Giorgio Ferrini played pivotal roles in securing Italy’s triumph at the 1968 European Championship.

Giuseppe Dossena was a part of the iconic squad that lifted the FIFA World Cup in 1982.

A significant highlight came on 11 May 1947 during a friendly match against Hungary.

Italy’s lineup, chosen by Vittorio Pozzo, included 10 players from Torino – a record for the most players from a single club representing Italy in a match.

This feat still stands undefeated.

Throughout Torino history, 74 Torino players have donned the Azzurri jersey, placing the club fifth in terms of Italian clubs providing players to the national side.

Among these, Francesco Graziani stands out with the most caps (47) and goals (20) for Italy as a Torino player.

A notable moment arrived on 11 June 2017 when Andrea Belotti netted the hundredth goal by a Torino player for the Azzurri during a World Cup qualifier against Liechtenstein.

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Youth Squads

Youth Squads

The Torino football club boasts a robust youth system consisting of seven distinct teams.

Four of these squads compete in national leagues, namely Primavera, Beretti, Allievi Nazionali Serie A & B, and Allievi Nazionali Lega Pro, while the other three, namely Giovanissimi Nazionali, Giovanissimi Regionali A & B, compete at a regional level.

As pioneers, Torino was among the earliest Italian clubs to establish a youth system, setting it up as early as the 1930s.

The club’s commitment to nurturing talent has resulted in its youth program being regarded as one of the finest across Italy.

When it comes to domestic achievements, Torino’s youth teams are unmatched.

They hold the record for the most victories in the Campionato Nazionale Primavera, having clinched the title nine times.

They’ve also triumphed in the Campionato Nazionale Dante Berretti a record ten times.

Their accolades extend to the Coppa Italia Primavera, which they’ve won a record eight times, and they’ve also been crowned champions of the esteemed Torneo di Viareggio on six occasions.

An interesting fact about players groomed within the Torino youth system is their moniker, “Balon-Boys”, a tribute to Adolfo Baloncieri.

Baloncieri wasn’t just an exceptional player but also a significant figure for Torino, concluding his illustrious playing career with the club in 1932.

The youth academy has not only produced talented footballers but also individuals who have made a name in other fields.

A notable example is Raf Vallone, who, after his initial stint with the main team, transitioned to a successful career in acting and journalism.

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Fan Base

Torino history - Fan Base

Torino’s supporters are known for several pioneering initiatives in Italian football fandom.

They are credited with creating Italy’s first organized supporters group, the Fedelissimi Granata, in 1951.

Torino history states that these fans were the first to showcase an organized group’s banner at the Stadio Filadelfia.

They were also the trailblazers in organizing the first away game journey by plane in the country’s football history during a match against Roma in 1963.

Furthermore, the Filadelfia stadium was home to Oreste Bolmida, a trumpet-playing supporter who later gained prominence through the film “Ora e per sempre.”

In the 1970s, Torino’s fans introduced choreographed displays at games, a practice that caught the attention of French car manufacturer Renault, which incorporated these visuals in their advertisements during the following decade.

Such was the allure of the curva Maratona, a section of the stadium that was named “the most beautiful stand of Europe” by the renowned French magazine, Onze Mondial.

This same image graced the cover of France Football magazine on 21 December 1979.

Torino fans share a special bond with Fiorentina supporters, a kinship originating in the early 1970s.

This mutual admiration sprouted from a shared disdain for Juventus and was further solidified by Fiorentina’s show of support following the tragic Superga accident.

Additionally, Torino supporters maintain amicable relations with fans from Alessandria’s curva nord and Nocerina’s curva sud.

The bond between the Brazilian football club Corinthians and the Italian team Torino has historical roots that trace back to 1914.

In that year, Torino embarked on a journey to South America, becoming the premier Italian club to do so.

During this tour, Torino played a series of friendly matches, including two against Corinthians.

Foreign Friendships

Foreign Friendships

While the outcomes of these matches were noteworthy, the true significance lay in the enduring camaraderie that formed between the two clubs.

This bond was poignantly highlighted on 4 May 1949 when the fabled Grande Torino squad tragically lost their lives in the Superga air disaster.

As a gesture of deep respect and solidarity, Corinthians, in a friendly against Portuguesa, donned Torino’s jersey, symbolizing their grief and support.

Similarly, the Argentinian football club River Plate shares a profound connection with Torino, a relationship that deepened significantly in the wake of the Superga tragedy.

Post the catastrophic event, River Plate extended their support and sympathy to the bereaved Italian club by organizing a friendly match to raise funds for the affected Torino team.

On 26 May 1949, in a heartfelt gesture of footballing fraternity, River Plate traveled to Turin to participate in a special friendly match.

For this match, they teamed up with top Italian players of the time, forming a symbolic squad titled “Torino symbol,” an epitome of international football solidarity and brotherhood.

The bond between Torino and River Plate has not only been forged through shared history but is also visually represented in their jerseys.

We read in Torino history that River Plate, acknowledging their connection with Torino, have donned the maroon shade – Torino’s home color – in their away jerseys multiple times, with the 2005-06 season being a recent instance.

Conversely, in a nod to River Plate’s iconic design, Torino has featured away kits adorned with a diagonal band, mirroring the Argentine team’s home jersey.

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Records & Achievements

Records & Achievements

In the annals of the Italian league, Torino has clinched the top spot seven times.

They have also displayed commendable consistency, having finished as runners-up seven times and third-place finishers nine times.

A unique chapter in Torino history was the 2006–07 season when they found themselves playing in a league above their city rivals, Juventus.

This unexpected turn of events happened because Juventus was demoted to Serie B in the aftermath of the notorious Calciopoli scandal, allowing Torino to compete in Serie A.

Regarding individual records, Giorgio Ferrini stands out as the club’s stalwart, having made 566 appearances and netted 56 goals from 1959 to 1975.

Meanwhile, Paolo Pulici, a Torino legend, holds the accolade for the most goals scored for the club.

He netted an impressive 172 goals in 437 appearances between 1967 and 1982.

Throughout their rich history in the Italian top flight, eight distinctive Torino players have clinched the Capocannoniere title, an accolade awarded to the league’s top scorer.

The legacy began with Austrian footballer Heinrich Schonfeld, who netted 22 goals during the 1923–24 season.

Following him was the prolific Julio Libonatti, an Italian-Argentine striker, who amazed with 35 goals in the 1927–28 campaign.

Just a season later, Gino Rossetti surpassed that tally, scoring a remarkable 36 goals in 1928–29.

This achievement by Rossetti remains an unparalleled feat as the highest number of goals ever registered by a top scorer in the league.

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Damian Cade
Damian Cade
He is an enthusiastic senior writer for Footbalium who leans towards writing and researching the history of football clubs and players' life stories.


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